In this paper, I first retrace the filiations and the history of digital literature in France, emphasizing the various literary and aesthetic tendencies and the corresponding structures (groups, reviews).
Then I focus on French digital literature communities. I notably give an account of a study that I did in 2004-2007 for the Centre Pompidou in Paris: I analyzed a socio-technical device (discussion list and website) called e-critures, dedicated to digital literature, with the hypothesis of the co-construction of a socio-technical device, a field and a community. I conclude on the possible characteristics of digital literature in France.
1. Filiations and History of Digital Literature in France
2. The Constitution of a Community?
The Example of the e-critures Device
Online Reviews, Personal Websites,
and Research Groups in France
A Small (subjective) Selection of 20 Works
A previous version of this article was published in the proceedings of the "Workshop of Electronic Literature" (Atelier Multimediale, 2011).