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#DEFINE [English]
Computers represent world through data and data types. The creation of data type reflects both the need for computational efficiency as well as the ideology of the engineers and scientists behind the code. Marc Böhlen argues that the work of amateurs and artists can be seen as a contribution towards questioning and expanding the limitations of reality representation defined by computational requirements.

Inner Workings [English]
What does programmed signification tell us about the inner human writing machine? John Cayley's essay reexamins Freud's Mystic Writing Pad and is sited within the context of debates on code and codework in literal art. Rather than revealed interiority, code is the archive and guarantee of inner workings than reside beneath the complex surfaces of poetics in programmable media.

Conflicting Organizational Designs [English]
In recent decades the primary conflict between organizational designs has been between hierarchies and networks, an asymmetrical war exemplified most starkly in the war against terrorism. But what happens when "the powers that be" evolve from centralized hierarchies into networked power? For Alex Galloway in the future we are likely to experience a general shift downward into a new bilateral organizational conflict-networks fighting networks.

Poetics of Programming [English]
Dynamic texts offer new possibilities for reading and new challenges in how we approach the reading object, forcing the final object away from the idea of a fixed form on a fixed surface. As Loss Pequeño Glazier states in order to "read" such an object, one must look deeper, into the code itself, and one must consider the various ramifications inherent in a code-based work. Ultimately, one must explore the edge where language apparatuses engage.

Coding the Infome. Writing Abstract Reality [English]
Today every computer exists in relation to the Internet, whether it is connected or not. Every software is potentially a networked software, a building block of the networks we live within and through. Because of this, code is no longer Text, a symbolic representation of reality - it is reality. To write code is to create and manipulate this reality. Within it, Lisa Jevbratt argues, artist-programmers are more land-artists than writers, software are more earthworks than narratives.

Media, Software, and Meta-media [English]
What is the relationship between the computer's contemporary identity as a simulator for all previous media, and its "essence" as a programmable machine? Is software art the only real "avant-garde" of new media, or is the more "impure" practice of remixing older media with software techniques equally innovative? Lev Manovich lays out the way to answer these questions and to illustrate his concept of meta-media by showing and discussing a few of the classics of new media art.